Vodič Kafulture kroz tipove Orange Likera

Vodič Kafulture kroz tipove Orange Likera

Orange likeri zadnjih par decenija imaju zaista lošu reputaciju. Uzmimo za primjer, Curaçao. Prva asocijacija koju dobijemo kada čujemo za ovaj liker jesu slatki kokteli čiji smo i sami ljubitelji. Zapravo, nije potrebno likere ovog tipa, sa ukusom narandže, uopšte stavljati u kontekst slatkih koktel likera.

Napravili smo jednu gradaciju, kada su u pitanju visoko cijenjeni likeri narandže, koja će Vam sigurno pomoći u budućem poznavanju i karakterisanju i ocjenjivanju istih.

Važna terminologija

Prije nego se upustimo u tasting različitih varijeteta likera, pokušaćemo Vam približiti termin Orange liker.
Najprostije rečeno, Orange liker je alkoholno piće sa aromom i ukusom narandže.

Curaçao

Istorijski gledano, Curaçao je proizvod istoimenog ostrva, napravljen od konjaka začinjenog sušenim Curaçao narandžama. Ove sorta narandži na ostrvo došla je sa doseljenicima Španije kao Valencia Oranges, ali kao takve nisu podnijele klimu ovog podnevlja te su vremenom postajale slađe i aromatičnije. Nije poznato ime osobe koja je otkrila da je kora ovog voća, kada se osuši, jako prijatnog i aromatičnog mirisa. Od 1896. godine razni majstori velikih destilerija u svijetu počeli su koristiti koru ove narandže, kako bi dodali svojim destilatima svježu i prijatnu aromatiku ovog voća.

Triple Sec

Triple Sec, kao francuski proizvod, prvobitno je nastao kao proizvod sa mnogo manje šećera nego Curaçao. Sec je ustvari oznaka za suho. Triple ne znači da je tri puta destilovano, to su samo nagađanja otkuda taj naziv “Triple” dolazi. Vjeruje se da je to ime prosto marketinški trik i način da se omalovaži konkurencija.

U čemu je stvar sa Grand Marnier i Cointreau likerima?

Dve, možda najpoznatije marke Orange likera, su definitivno Grand Marnier i Cointreau. Grand Marnier je Orange liker u Curaçao tradiciji, a Cointreau je Triple Sec. 😀
Grand Marnier je spoj Triple Sec likera i konjaka pa iako nije tradicionalan Curaçao, veoma mu je sličan.
Cointreau je s druge strane jednak Triple Sec likeru. Zapravo, Cointreau se prvobitno i zvao Cointreau Triple Sec i još uvijek su oldschool kolekcionarske boce sa ovakvim imenom ovog likera dostupne na aukcijskim sajtovima.

U nastavku teksta prikazaćemo Vam kratki rezime poznatijih brendova likera sa njihovim karakteristikama.

Clément Créole Shrubb

Style: Rum and orange liqueur, 80 proof
Country of origin: Martinique
Color: Orange gold. 
Nose: Bitter orange, funky rum, spice. 
Palate: Dry, sharp, bitter orange, hints of rhum agricole and spice.
Overall impression: This liqueur is produced by Rhum Clément, a maker of rhums agricole in Martinique. It’s made in a style similar to a curaçao, in which a base pot-stilled spirit is flavored with bitter orange and spices.

Cointreau

Style: Triple sec, 80 proof.
Country of origin: France
Color: Clear. 
Nose: Subtle orange, spice, some alcohol. 
Palate: Well balanced. Dry, bitter orange, cinnamon, nutmeg, clove.
Overall impression: Cointreau is well-regarded for a reason. The flavors are perfectly balanced between bitter orange and sweetness. Warm spices lend complexity to the spirit while complementing the orange. In a great orange liqueur the other flavors should serve to enhance the orange flavor, not mask it, and in this regard Cointreau excels. 

Grand Marnier

Style: Curaçao-inspired blend of cognac and orange liqueur, 80 proof.
Country of origin: France
Color: Amber-gold. 
Nose: Brandy, orange, alcohol. 
Palate: Dry, bitter orange, subtle brandy notes, very subtle hints of wood aging, some spice.
Overall impression: As I said earlier, GM is a curaçao-style liqueur, made of a blend of pot-stilled cognacs, bitter-orange peel, and spice. Grand Marnier is a clear winner as a standalone, after-dinner sipper. The flavors are beautifully balanced and the palate is dry overall, and not very sweet. As a mixer, GM can be tricky. A lot of bartenders find it too brandy-forward for Sidecars, for example, skewing the flavor profile of such cocktails too heavily spiritous.

Mandarine Napoleon

Style: Orange liqueur and cognac, 76 proof
Country of origin: Belgium
Color: Dark amber. 
Nose: Not just orange aroma, but specifically, and very obviously, mandarin orange. 
Palate: Cloying, one note, not specifically mandarin at all.
Overall impression: I was delighted and surprised by how specifically Mandarine Napoleon smelled of mandarin oranges. I mean, it’s right there in the name, sure, but even so, the strong specific whiff of mandarin is unexpected. But something happens between smelling and sipping, unfortunately, and the mandarin flavors are overwhelmed by sweetness in this liqueur. 

Solerno Blood Orange Liqueur

Style: Blood orange liqueur, 80 proof
Country of origin: Italy
Color: Clear. Nose: Orange, some alcohol. 
Palate: Orange, and tastes specifically of blood oranges.
Overall impression: Whereas the Mandarine Napolean smelled of mandarins and tasted mostly of sugar, this liqueur smells of generic orange but tastes very specifically of blood orange.

Royal Combier

Style: Orange liqueur and cognac, 76 proof
Country of origin: France
Color: Amber gold. 
Nose: Bitter orange, hint of brandy, some alcohol. 
Palate: Dry, bitter orange, lots of spice, some cognac notes.
Overall impression: Marketed to compete with Grand Marnier. It’s a reasonable substitute, albeit a little more spendy (at about $40 for 750 mL). Like Grand Marnier and Ferrand, Royal Combier also starts with brandy and bitter-orange peel, adding spices to round out the flavors. Another excellent choice as a sipper.

Patron Citronge

Style: Triple sec, 80 proof
Country of origin: Mexico
Color: Clear. 
Nose: Orange (almost artificial), alcohol. 
Palate: Moderately sweet, orange (mildly bitter), some floral notes.
Overall impression: If you hope or expect this product to have a tequila base, you’ll be disappointed; it’s purely a neutral-spirit based triple sec. It’s fine for what it is: a middle-of-the-road triple sec, priced at about $22 for a 750 mL bottle.

Pierre Ferrand dry Curaçao

Style: Dry curaçao, 80 proof
Country of origin: France
Color: Golden-brown. (By sight alone, you could almost mistake it for whiskey.) 
Nose: Bitter orange, spice. 
Palate: Dry, bitter orange, clove, vanilla, nutmeg, alcohol on finish.
Overall impression: I said earlier that in a great orange liqueur the other flavors should serve to enhance the orange flavor, not mask it, and Pierre Ferrand’s version proves the point. Ferrand’s curaçao is designed to complement its excellent cognacs and other fine aged spirits in cocktails, but also to be sipped and enjoyed on its own merits. Try mixing it not just with Ferrand’s brandies but also rums; Ferrand owns the Plantation Rum brand, and therefore has an interest in producing an orange that plays well with rum. 

Source: seriouseats.com
Photo: vinepair.com

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